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Hair transplant techniques.
Hair transplant techniques. First of all briefly explain what a hair transplant consists of. The operation regardless of the technique being used involves removing follicles from a part of the body normally from the scalp of the side and back (Temporary and Occipital). From where there is much elsewhere where it is normally necessary to the top (front and Parietal) but you can also transplant to the beard for people who are imbecile, to the eyebrows or even the body hair to the head, we will talk about all this below.
Fut or Fuss Technique.
Let’s start with the Fut technique (Follicular united Trasplant) or also called Fuss (Follicular Unit Strip Surgery) and vulgarly called strip technique.
It consists of removing from the side and back of the head a strip of skin about 20-25 cm long by 3-4 wide. Something that varies according to the patient, that strip is dissected and from it the follicular units that are subsequently implanted in the top of the head are extracted. That incision is closed either with staples or with stitches, with suture thread looks better than with staples, what comes next is the same in this as in other techniques. The channels are opened in the part to be implanted with a punch type scalpel and are put one by one. Then within a month or so the implanted hair falls out and enters the desert phase. From three months or so the hair is coming out again little by little until it does the year where the evolution is terminated. Although there are people where the process can be extended to even two years. This process (postoperative) is the same in all methods so I don’t see it necessary to explain it any more.
This technique today, although it is still practically used, is obsolete. Due to its greater invasiveness, many more post-operative care and worse aesthetic results as there is practically an ear-to-ear scar left.
The FUE (Follicular united Extraction) technique is the most widely used technique today. It consists of removing the follicles one by one from the donor area and passing them to the receiving area. Such follicles are normally extracted with an electric micromotor, It is suitable for extractions of many follicles (3,000-4,000 grafts), but also a tool called Punch is used, which is manual and is like a circular scalpel with which with a wrist turn it is extract the follicles as well. Most recommended for very sensitive scalps and few follicles to extract, within the technique was there variants.
1- Technique Was Sapphire
This technique is exactly the same as the above, the only difference is the punch-like scalpel, which instead of being metallic is made of a gemstone called sapphire. Very sharp and that makes very fine incisions. Allowing to open more channels per square centimeter, therefore the final result is of higher density and also being such a smooth blade, the incision produced heals more easily. Leaving less mark than the steel blade.
2- Technique was DHI
The DHI technique is the most modern of all, it is all the same except the way you implant the hair, it does not require previous incisions. The hair once removed from the donor area is placed in a tool called “Implanter”. That similar to a pen, such a tool makes the placement in two steps. The follicle is inserted into the skin with said implanter and with a mechanism in the upper part similar to removing the mine in a pen, the follicle is inserted. There are several measures, supposedly the technique as you get higher density although there are voices that indicate no. Which is with sapphire that gets more density. What is true is that this technique achieves is greater survival. With the Method was normal is a 75-80 and with DHI the survival is 90-95
Within the same technique was the BHT (Body Hair Trasplant) was used. Which is basically extracting body hair to reinforce low-density cases. The hair is not used for the front area, but for the middle part or crown. It is extracted from beard, arms legs, chest, back etc… While this method works it seems that its results are not lasting and after a few years that hair falls off
which not many clinics use.
This last method I will name it out of pure curiosity, because I don’t think anyone will use it by now. The procedure involves introducing by a first operation under the skin of the bald areas (used to be used on the crown or large side or rear scars). An expander, said expander is nothing more than a plastic or silicone bag with a cannula by which once the incision of introducing the bag was cured, a certain amount of physiological serum was being introduced day by day. That he was stretching his skin. Once it was dilated enough, the skin was removed from the expander and the bald scalp areas were removed. Stitching the areas where there was hair. The method worked but left huge scars, apart from having to be looking like “caracon” for several months, although often the result was acceptable if we saw the state before that procedure.
If you want or are thinking of having a Hair Transplant intervention, contact us. We can advise you on anything you want.
Hair transplant techniques.
Transplantation is always the last option, we advise avoiding the fall with good healthy habits and taking Xpecia